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Back At Harkness House
The European tour ended and we were back to New York City and Harkness House.

Built in 1896, Harkness House was the former home of Thomas J. Watson, founder of International Business Machines, until it was completely re-modeled and costing millions, to became the permanent home of the Harkness House for Ballet Arts in 1965.

Photo Left: Harkness House entrance at 4 East 75th Street, NY


In these luxurious surroundings the Harkness dancers and the ever so lucky trainees had a host of advantages that were usually denied to other less fortunate ballet students, including a library that housed an extensive collection of videos, records and books about dance. This was a treasure house of material at my fingertips, so, when asked if I would like to take charge of it I had no hesitation in agreeing. As far as I could see, this added responsibility in no way interfered with my job as company choreologist and I was delighted to over-see such a vast and valuable collection.

On the same floor – the third - were the offices of the company’s General Manager J.B. Cerrone and his staff. Jenneau, as we all called him, already had a long and distinguished career managing European and American ballet companies. A European and cultured gentleman of the first order, he knew practically everyone in the ballet world.

Photo Right: Part of The Harkness Library. I’m beside portrait of William Hale Harkness

Almost immediately I hired an assistant, Celia Candlin; a young, English lady I had known in London. Highly intelligent, she even overhauled the entire index system. Now that I had the dual jobs of librarian as well as choreologist, the news traveled. In no time I was getting invitations to fancy luncheons by individuals more interested in convincing me to buy (with Harkness money of course) their own collections of dance books for the library.

Sitting in at the company’s daily rehearsals - clipboard in hand and pencil ready - I had more time to became more and more involved with the company dancers and choreographers as well as the trainee program and teaching staff.

David Howard was the principal teacher of the Harkness school. He had been a member of the Royal Ballet in England and eventually became one of the most sought after teachers, not only in New York City but also as guest ballet master at schools and dance teacher conventions across the country. His rather unique method of teaching was based on circular pathways of the body, a theory I believe originated with Joanna Kneeland; a ballet teacher who Mrs. Harkness had fancied sometime before I arrived. I could be totally wrong on this but Kneeland (a kinesiologist) had made an exhaustive study of dance movement by watching films of dancers in slow motion, examining in minute detail exactly how the best dancers used their bodies. She claimed it was ‘revolutionary’ and perhaps it was. I remember David always starting his class, and probably still does, with a fast paced “therapeutic barre” rather than the traditional grand plies. Those came later. This peppy preparation certainly loosened and warmed up the body for the exercises to follow. It seemed to work and many of the famous ballet stars came to him for coaching, including Gelsey Kirkland and Natasha Makarova. I write in the past tense here as David perhaps still uses these methods and is sought after as a teacher and advisor. Sort of a guru of the ballet world.

His lady co-director was a different brand and had, as far as I knew, no professional background as a dancer. A power house of energy, after a full day at Harkness House she would be off and at it again with a two hour drive at breakneck speed to her own school in Allentown, Pennsylvania for another round of classes.

Naturally, her impressive connection to Harkness House attracted many invitations to be guest teacher for dance teacher conventions, yet what she taught a these prestigious outfits were usually ideas or classic dance variations learned from someone else – me for one - and passing them off as her own with not so much as a nod. She grasped at every new idea, every new book on kinesiology and taught what I called ‘the poke method’ – going around poking at parts of student’s bodies, obviously to point out the proper use of this or that muscle. Apparently it worked.

A “Cinderella” that I choreographed for her student company in Allentown had some Harkness trainees thrown in - among them Patrick Swayze, a teenager yet to become the famous Hollywood movie star. She herself appeared as one of the ugly sisters, the other being another and better trained Harkness teacher, Renita Exeter, while David Howard danced the wicked Step Mother, in drag. This major cast was of course a big draw and many made the trip from Manhattan to Allentown to see it.

The success of this production was followed the next year with a full-length “Sleeping Beauty”, also staged by me and featuring some Harkness trainees and guest stars Starr Danias and Burton Taylor from the Joffrey Ballet. At the final curtain, instead of inviting me to share the applause she surprisingly took all the bows as if she herself had staged it. Not that I minded in the least but afterwards the mystified dancers were asking why I hadn’t also taken a bow, as if I had for some reason refused to do so. Well, not to be unkind, I could say she probably just forgot or never bothered to learn the rules of theater etiquette. Yet her lack of tact extended into the classroom as well. When I occasionally taught a class for the trainees she would sit in front, chatting noisily to whoever was beside her – an act that would never be tolerated in her own or any other class. But to give the lady some credit, she later on did turn out a remarkable ballerina – at least one that I know of – Cynthia Harvey.

The Harkness library was a beehive of activity with a steady flow of renowned personalities from the dance and theater world. Choreographers, scenic designers, conductors. I got to meet and hobnob with them all.

Mrs. Harkness always gave a elaborate parties for whatever major dance troupe came to town. The Bolshoi Ballet, The Royal Ballet, The Moiseyev Folk Ballet. As keeper of the keys I enjoyed taking them on tours through the house and making them feel welcome, especially the Russians who gave me the chance to practice their language.

I Meet And Assist Igor Moiseyev
A month before the company was to embark on another European tour, Mrs. Harkness brought over Igor Moiseyev from Moscow to stage two pas de deux of his own choice. One rather odd one began with the ballerina wrapped in multiple yards of cloth, as in a cocoon. Her partner, holding one end, was to slowly unravel her as she spun out of it. The stage manager had to spend an entire day searching all over Manhattan for a seamless material of such length. The other was from his own full-length production of “Spartacus”.

During his two week stay it was my job to be at all rehearsals and to notate the dance steps in detail because after he left it would be up to me to rehearse the dancers in them. Although far from being fluent, I knew Russian to the extent that I could approximately interpret his corrections and comments to the dancers. He was about 65 then and quite agile in demonstrating the steps to the dancers. During rehearsal breaks we often sat together in the first floor canteen where he answered my many questions about details in his choreography and often told me stories of how he started his own company with amateurs during the 1930s. After two weeks he returned to Moscow, leaving me to continue rehearsing his pas de deux for the upcoming tour.

At a run-through, after seeing the “cocoon” dance as we called it, Mrs. Harkness decidedly did not like it and quickly dumped it but kept the “Spartacus”. It was premiered in Barcelona, Spain at the end of a month long rehearsal period at the Liceo Opera House. Mrs. Harkness had rented the huge opera house for the entire month merely to rehearse in.

I left the tour in Rome to return to Harkness House and as far as I know, Mr. Moiseyev never saw our performance of his work.

Long before this meeting with Igor Moiseyev, he and his work had been a major inspiration in my life. Each time his company appeared in NY I would attend every performance as well as in London and even in Moscow. It was quite a thrill for me to actually meet and work with him. I had studied his technique from several former Moiseyev dancers and when I retired to Tucson, Arizona and started my own Russian dance group, it was patterned after Moiseyev.

Oddly enough, three months after he died in 2007 at the age of 101, the Moiseyev company of 78 dancers came to Tucson. I helped sponsor and arrange a master class for local dancers given by Moiseyev’s director, Elena Shcherbakova. Two of the Moiseyev dancers – a boy and a girl – readily helped the local dancers and demonstrated the steps to our astonishment. As if that was not enough, at the end of the class, Shcherbakova presented me with gifts and thanks for my life-long devotion to Russian dance and culture.

It was a day I shall always remember and treasure.

After that Harkness European tour I no longer went along.This was my own choice as I would rather stay in New York and oversee the library. Besides, I still had the Tucson Nutcrackers to do and was fortunate to be able to take time off to do them.

Then too, there were always replacements needed for the company. These all came from the trainees and it was my job to teach them some repertory before they were accepted.

There were two ballets that, oddly enough, each had a cast of six. One was all girls, one all boys.

“Pas Des Fiancées” by Jack Carter to music from Tchaikovsky’s ‘Swan Lake” had the six girls each doing bravura variations. “Percussion For Six Men” by Vincente Nebrada was set to drums, arranged by Lee Gurst. I had to teach both ballets in two weeks. After seeing them perform these works, Mrs. Harkness accepted all the trainees that I had selected. So it was yet another new company.

The Murder Of Maria Nevelska
As I was sitting in my office one morning, the phone rang with devastating news. Maria Nevelska, my 80-year-old ballet teacher had been mugged in her Carnegie Hall studio and died two days later of injuries sustained in the attack.

Her studio was locked when the first students arrived for morning class but they could hear Madam’s moans through the door. It was impossible to determine how she was struck or how many times. Missing from her purse was the $20 she brought to pay the pianist.

Five hours had passed at Manhattan’s Roosevelt Hospital before she was examined. She was just left in a hallway to die. One newspaper later reported that a hospital spokesperson callously said, when asked about this neglect, “I don't know what all the fuss is about....she was just a ballet dancer”.

Madame Nevelska left the Soviet Union in 1923 because her husband, an archeology professor, was considered politically suspect. She taught in Nice, France for the next 30 years. Among her students was Andre Eglevsky, who became one of the most prominent dancers in the US and a star of New York City Ballet.

She had been like a mother to me, often sharing her meager lunch and allowing me to use her studio to teach notation classes, free of charge.

I never paid for her classes either, which I did every morning during the late 60s and early 70s. I helped her move into Carnegie Hall when rent at her former studio became too expensive. She shared the Carnegie Hall studio with another teacher, Vladimir Konstantinov. She often invited me to dinner at her tiny apartment on 51st Street. I still have the ballet piano scores that she gave me.

It’s impossible to imagine how this could happen in the renowned Carnegie Hall. Security must have been very lax.

It was all over the TV evening news. The funeral service was held in her Russian church where I was driven to and from in Mrs. Harkness’ limo. Being interviewed there for TV I could only say, tearfully, how I remembered her.

She weighed only 88 pounds. Fragile and bird-like. I remember [when she was mocking some student for being a bit scatter-brained] saying to me, in Russian, Nye vsyo doma, “nobody home”, while pointing to her head. She also would tell me how she found many of her students talented but lazy, without knowing that they are so. “They take five, six lessons a day! Jazz, modern, everything! But they don’t know how to work. One class should be exhausting if you really work”.

I always made sure I worked in class for her.

Photos: In class at Madam Nevelska’s small Carnegie Hall studio.

Tucson Ballet Opens Convention Center Music Hall
During the affluent 60s and early 70s, cities all over the U.S.A. were building their own versions of Lincoln Center, on a smaller scale. President Kennedy had not only inspired outer space exploration but the arts as well.

Tucson was also building its new Convention Center, including a Music Hall where the Civic Ballet would perform. The Tucson Civic Ballet had the honor of being the very first event to open the newly built Music Hall, except no one in Tucson seemed to know about it.

Photo Left: Publicity shot of Tucson Music Hall under construction. Me with some of my dancers posed at building site in 1970.

By 1972 the Tucson Civic Ballet had grown. It had more accomplished dancers and its own orchestra conducted by Edward Garza. I decided on a two week Christmas season with the first week of ‘Swan Lake” Act two and two acts of “Coppelia”. The second week was a brand new production of “Nutcracker”. New scenery, new costumes and new choreography.

A new teacher, Richard France, came to Tucson and opened a store-front studio. He had a Broadway background, a singer’s voice and an engaging personality. I invited him on the spot to dance Franz in “Coppelia” and the Cavalier in “Nutcracker” while I danced Dr. Coppelius and old Drosselmeier, with the second act’s Russian Trepak thrown in. In this dance I managed my Russian squat kicks that I hadn’t done since Russakoff’s troupe back when I was a boy of fourteen.

It was more than enough to do in addition to overseeing the entire two week season.

Photo Left: Music Hall completed in 1971
Photo Right: Making up as Drosselmeier in my dressing room at the new Music Hall.

Meanwhile, Mrs. Harkness had decided to build her own theater, adjacent to Lincoln Center. It was described as going to be “the first and only theater in the US specifically designed for the presentation of dance”.

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